ABOUT DU/BHU/RU ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE
Tentative date of exam notification comes usually in FEB (BHU) May(DU and RU)
Tentative date of filling forms- March/ April/May
Tentative date of exam: May(BHU) JUNE(DU& RU)
Pattern of DU/BHU/RU ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE
DU Zoology entrance: 100 question in 2 hours
BHU Zoology entrance: 120 question in 3 hours
RU Zoology entrance: 100 question in 2 hours
Syllabus of DU/BHU/RU ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE:-
Syllabus to be covered for Zoology entrance in iGuruji-Aadhar institute
Amino Acid Structure and Properties, Peptide Bond Formation and Primary Protein Structure, Secondary Protein Structure, Supersecondary Structure and Protein Motifs, Tertiary and Quaternary Protein Structure
Enzyme : Types, Properties & enzyme action. Vitamins.
Metabolism of carbohydrates : Glycolysis, Krebs’ cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, interconversion of glycogen & glucose in liver.
Metabolism of protein : Deamination, transamination, decarboxylation. Synthesis of protein & urea, Ornithine cycle, fate of carbon skeleton.
Metabolism of lipids: Beta-oxidative pathway of fatty acids, brief account of biosynthesis of triglycerides, cholesterol & its metabolism.
Metabolism of nucleic acids.
Cellular Physiology- Structure, types and mechanism of muscle contraction. Structure of neuron and transmission of axonic and synaptic nerve impulse.
Functions of sensory organs concerned with vision, sound perception, taste, smell and touch.
Physiology of Gastrointestinal tract: Contractility, Secretion of digestive juices, GI hormones. Mechanism of digestion and absorption.
Physiology of Respiration: Pulmonary ventilation and gaseous exchange.
Structure and Circulation of Blood: Blood structure and functions, blood groups, clotting of blood, elementary idea of immunology. Structure and functions of the heart, Cardiac Cycle, Heart Beat, and its chemical regulation.
Physiology of Excretion: Kidney structure, urine formation, counter current mechanism, regulation of electrolyte and water balance of the body.
Endocrine Physiology: Structure, functions of Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Islets of langerhans and pineal gland.
Physiology of Reproduction: Structure and hormones of Ovary & Testis. Hormonal control of gametogenesis and menstrual cycle.
- Structure and function of cell and cytoplasmic constituents: Structure of nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes and ribosomes. Cell cycle and cell division.
- Membrane structure and function: Structure of model membrane, Lipid bilayer and membrane protein, diffusion, osmosis, ion channels, Active transport membrane pumps, mechanism of solving and regulations of intracellular transport, Electrical properties of membrane.
- Cell signalling: Hormones and their receptors, cell surface receptor, signalling through G-protein coupled receptors, signal transduction pathways, second messengers, regulation of signalling pathways,
- Cancer: Changes in progenitor cells, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, cancer and the cell cycle, Apoptosis
- Structure and types of nucleic acids. DNA replication, repair and recombination (Unit of replication, enzymes involved, replication origin and replication fork, fidelity of replication, extra chromosomal replicons, DNA damage and repair mechanisms, homologous and site-specific recombination).
- RNA synthesis and processing (transcription factors and machinery, formation of initiation complex, transcription activator and repressor, RNA polymerases, capping, elongation, and termination, RNA processing, RNA editing, splicing, and polyadenylation, structure and function of different types of RNA, RNA transport).
- Protein synthesis and processing (Ribosome, formation of initiation complex, initiation factors and their regulation, elongation and elongation factors, termination, genetic code, aminoacylation of tRNA, tRNA-identity, aminoacyl tRNA synthetase, and translational proof-reading, translational inhibitors, Posttranslational modification of proteins).
- Control of gene expression at transcription and translation level (regulating the expression of phages, viruses, prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes, role of chromatin in gene expression and gene silencing).
- Electrophoresis, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Colorimetry Spectrophotometry. Microscopic techniques: Light microscopy, Confocal, Florescence, Phase contrast, Electron and Atomic force microscopes and images processing methods in microscopy.
- Radiolabelling Techniques; Types and properties of Radio isotopes, Tracer techniques,
- Molecular cloning of DNA & RNA fragments in bacterial and eukaryotic systems.
- Expression of recombinant proteins using bacterial, animal and plant vectors.
- Isolation of specific nucleic acid sequences, Generation of genomic and cDNA libraries. FISH, GISH. Plasmid, phage, cosmid, BAC and YAC vectors.
- In vitro mutagenesis and deletion techniques, gene knock out in bacterial and eukaryotic organisms.
- RFLP, RAPD and AFLP techniques.
Statistical applications in Biology – Mean, Median, Mode, Student’s ‘t’ test, Chi-square test, Standard Deviation. Correlation and Regression, Variance and Analysis of Variance. .3
- Types of immunology, organs of immune system, Cells and molecules involved in innate and adaptive immunity, antigens, antigenicity and immunogenicity.
- B and T cell epitopes, structure and function of antibody molecules, generation of antibody diversity, monoclonal antibodies, antibody engineering,
- antigen-antibody interactions, MHC molecules, antigen processing and presentation,
- mechanism of humoral and cell mediated immunity. vaccines, pathogens and parasites.
Gametogenesis, Fertilization,Cleavage, Blastulation, Fate maps,Morphogenetic movements, Gastrulation, Organisers and Organogenesis, Development of Frog and Chick including Metamorphosis.
- Mendelian laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, linkage maps and crossing over, Multiple alleles, gene interaction
- Mutation – Natural and induced mutations. Chromosome number and forms, structural rearrangements; Polyploidy
- Cytoplasmic inheritance.
- Human genetics – normal and abnormal, pedigree analysis, karyotypes, genes and diseases, eugenics.
- Sex chromosomes and sex determination.Quantitative genetics- polygenic inheritance,
Animal Ecology Biodiversity and Wild life Studies-
- Biotic and Abiotic Components, Population and its Ecology: Characteristics of population , growth curves, regulation. Life history strategies, structured populations.
- Biogeochemical cycles. Limiting factors. Concepts of habitat and ecological niche.
- Major biomes and their communities and Biogeography.
- Pollution – its control and management, Biodegradation and Bioremediation.
- Concepts, principles and types of biodiversity.
- Major Biodiversity areas and hotspot in India.
- Conservation and major wild life sanctuaries in INDIA
- Rare, Endangered species or Threatened species and their conservation strategies
Evolution: Origin of life; history of evolutionary thoughts. Lamarckism and Darwinism. Sources and nature of variations. Natural selection. Hardy-Weinberg law, Causes of speciation. Concept of species and sub-species. Fossils and their studies, outline of Geological eras. Origin and evolution of man. Principles and theories of continental distribution of animals
Ethology: Proximate and ultimate causation, altruism and evolution-Group selection, kin selection, reciprocal altruism. Biological clocks, Development of behaviour, Social communication; Social dominance; Use of space and territoriality. Aggressive behaviour.
Parental care, Mating systems. Habitat selection and optimality in foraging; Migration, orientation and navigation;
Principles, rules and basis of Animal Taxonomy and classification.
Structure and functions of the invertebrates:
Protozoa to Echinodermata type studies of Paramecium, Plasmodium, Leishmania, Sycon, Obelia, Taenia, Fasciola, Ascaris, Nereis, Pheretima, Periplaneta, Apis, Lamellideus, Pila, Asterias and their economic importance.
Comparative anatomy of Chordates: Protochordates, Balanoglossus, Herdmania, Branchiostoma. Comparative anatomy of integument, skeletal, digestive, respiratory, circulatory, urinogenital & nervous systems of vertebrates.
Eligibility for DU/BHU/RU ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE:
BSc appearing / completed
Tips to crack DU/BHU/RU ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE
Start high energy preparation for exam at least 4 months before the date of M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE but a silent preparation must have been started at least one year before
Keep Solving and analyzing-It is advisable that you solve full length mock test papers and Go through all previous years papers of M.SC. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE to have an understanding what to prepare for SC. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE . It will develop an understanding in you about your performance in actual M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE exam where you exactly stand M.SC. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE.
Students must try to solve the test in iguruji online app downloadable from google playstore and make yourself adaptable to M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE .
Refer the good text books for Clearing the concepts-Students must clear their concepts with the help of good books and updated study material like AADHAR INSTITUTE STUDY MATERIAL FOR M.SC. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE so as not to face hurdles during the exam. The questions in M.SC. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE are designed to bring out your understanding and basic knowledge of ZOOLOGY. Try to be more concise and precise over concepts and basic knowledge rather than running on path of blind learning and going through everything.
Give special attention
To crack typical M.Sc. entrances targeting Delhi University, Banaras Hindu University, Hyderabad University, Rajasthan University come must go through the syllabus of B.Sc.(Hons) of respective university
– If you are thinking for BHU entrance for M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE give special attention to life cycles of lower animals, comparative anatomy of chordates and their physiology and also prepare very good level of ecology and rest other subject you can pay average attention
– If you are planning for Delhi University, M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE give more time to modern subject also like molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry, cell biology.
In DU M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE the questions from classical portions are equally important like anatomy, physiology behavior, evolution etc.
– If your target is Rajasthan university classical parts of zoology clasification, life cycle of lower animals, comparative anatomy of chordates and their physiology must be well prepared beside regular genetics, cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology.
– In all types of M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE prepare your own short notes from all available book especially for economic zoology, animal development animal disease and parasites etc.
Make a schedule for Revision and tests –The regular revision matters a lot more than any other things during the preparation time. Watch iguruji video for making strategy and schedule for M.Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE you must revise all the topics which you have studied during this entire course of preparation. At many points you will find that remembering all the things simultaneously becomes hard; make short key words based notes and map notes to quickly revise all points. Keep on appearing for video supported tests for M.SC. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE on iguruji app
Say NO to New topic during exam days-Student must not study any new topic in the last weeks. It would bring unnecessary anxiety and can disturb your overall preparation. You should instead keep on honing the previously practiced topics and solve mock test papers. Studying more or all is not required if you have not studied it previously, but regular revision of the topics what you have studied is the key to success.
Make notes for formulas and important concepts-All the important experimental questions, concepts, constants must be written separately in a short note so as to keep them revising on one go this will help you in NAT type questions. Keep on going through special revision and superfast revision videos of iguruji
Add exercise/yoga, meditation and Power Nap in the day Schedule
As you must have heard – healthy mind lives in healthy body but Being a biology student you must also understand the reverse is also true “only a healthy mind can have a healthy body.” Just maintain the calmness of your brain by taking small breaks from studies – for basic PRANAYAM, MEDITATION and YOGA (many videos are available on you tube)
During the preparation days Avoid late night food just respect the circadian Rhythm of the body “sleep at night work in day”
During the day hours take at least two short power nap after every 5 – 6 hours of study
Avoid Alcohol / cigarette / excessive caffeine consumption for getting boost
Ask the expert-
You must take help from those genuine friends who have qualified the exam in past. Keep on watching “tips for Sc. ZOOLOGY ENTRANCE ” video on aadharinstitute jaipur youtube channel
You can have even live discussion on this channel tune to time
Develop a positive attitude in life especially for this exam. Never think that this exam is the last hope in Life. Don’t worry you have a brighter life ahead this is just a milestone
Avoid travelling at the night just before exam especially if your centre in another city just reach one day before the exam take rest and proper sleep.